Twitter: @StephenCavan1 (followed by 0 philosophers)
2020 to 2022
Average episode: 10 minutes
Open in Apple Podcasts • RSS
Categories: Monologue (Non-Course)
Podcaster's summary: I will discuss some of the great philosophers and their ideas on ethics and metaphysics. Classcial philosphy is always my starting point; Plato and Aristotle will start things, but I will discuss various Hellenistic schools, and more modern thinker such as Mill , Kany, Nietzsche, and Whitehead.
Discover other podcasts.
|2022-Feb-06 • 8 minutes|
Basic Propositional arguments
Let's have a quick look at arguments with an "if... then" structure.
|2022-Jan-27 • 10 minutes|
Here is a quick look at Syllogisms and how to apply rules to check validity.
|2022-Jan-15 • 11 minutes|
Critcal Thinking: part2
A look at statement types A, E, I, & O with negations.
|2022-Jan-15 • 7 minutes|
Critcial Thinking: An Introduction
Some basic terms and concepts
|2021-Sep-08 • 8 minutes|
Bitzer's Idea of Constraints
Bitzer's Rhetorical Situation involves three ideas: exigence, audience, and constraints. In this episode, I discuss the importance of constraints. Constraints are an essential element of a persuasive appeal. They can make or break a rhetorical audience.
|2021-Sep-06 • 9 minutes|
Bitzer's Rhetorical Theory: Exigence and Audience
Two elements that create a rhetorical situation are exigence and audience. What is a rhetorical exigence & rhetorical audience?
|2021-Sep-05 • 9 minutes|
Bitzer's Rhetorical Situation part one
In 1968 Bitzer offers a revolutionary way of thinking about rhetoric. He points out that we use rhetoric much more often than we might expect, and that Aristotle's three modes of appeal fall short in understanding the rhetorical needs. Bitzer's theory is a Copernican revolution in rhetorcial theory.
|2021-Sep-04 • 8 minutes|
Booth's Rhetorical Stance
Booth's Rhetorical Stance develops Aristotle's rhetorical Triangle idea by stressing the importance of a flexible balance between the modes of appeal. If any mode of appeal is pushed too far and given too much weight, we have a corruption of communication.
|2021-Sep-03 • 4 minutes|
A quick look at Aristotle's Modes of Appeal
Here is a quick summary and review of the Modes of Appeal. These modes are the basic tools we use for persuasion.
|2021-Sep-02 • 11 minutes|
Rhetoric: an introduction
An Introduction to rhetoical theory
|2021-Apr-04 • 8 minutes|
The search for the One
|2021-Apr-04 • 12 minutes|
Lucretius and Epicureanism
A quick look at Epicureanism and the poetry of Lucretius.
|2021-Apr-04 • 10 minutes|
Stoics: the world as one
|2021-Mar-14 • 10 minutes|
Plato's Phaedo: Part Two
Plato's Phaedo: Part Two
|2021-Mar-12 • 17 minutes|
Plato's Phaedo: Part One
Plato's Phaedo: Part One
|2021-Mar-05 • 10 minutes|
|2021-Feb-24 • 9 minutes|
Plato: a basic introduction
A baisc introduction to Plato and his writing.
|2021-Feb-19 • 17 minutes|
The Socratic background
|2021-Jan-27 • 13 minutes|
Arsitotle on the Soul (De Anima)
The sould as our substance
|2021-Jan-25 • 9 minutes|
Substance in Aristotle's Meatphysics VII
Substance in Aristotle's Metaphysics VII
|2021-Jan-14 • 11 minutes|
Aristotle: Accounting for change in the world
Aristotle on Change (the four causes)
|2020-Dec-15 • 10 minutes|
Kant's Groundwork on a Metaphysics of Morals: Section 2
Kant argues in Section 2, that other moral theories have missed the mark. Utilitarianism, for example, considers a result as the goal of the imperative command. For Kant, this goal for the action means that the command is hypothetical, and therefore not absolute. Our moral imperatives such as "Do not murder" are intended to be absolute and binding. In other words, moral commands are Categorical. We as rational agents become free moral agents when we guide our will through reason shaped by the Categorical ...
|2020-Dec-07 • 14 minutes|
Kant's Groundwork on Morals, Part one
Kant's Groundwork on Morals, part one
|2020-Dec-02 • 8 minutes|
The background to Kant's Ethics
Kant's reaction to the ethical theories of Hume and others.
|2020-Nov-16 • 5 minutes|
A quick note on ethical relativism
|2020-Nov-05 • 11 minutes|
Mill's Eudaimonistic Utilitarianism
Bentham's Hedonic Utilitarianism was challenged for being a pig's philosophy. A person, it was suggested, who wallowed in pleasures would be happier than a dissatisfied Socrates. John Stuart Mill tries to save Utilitarianism with an appeal to seek higher pleasures, instead of simple physical pleasures.
|2020-Oct-25 • 9 minutes|
Bentham's Hedonic Calculus
Bentham explains why we need to consider the consequences of our actions, and offers a tool for making dicisions. The estimation of pleasures and pains is called Hedonic calculus.He outlines 7 features, such as intensity, duration, and extent, which can affect the calculations.
|2020-Oct-19 • 16 minutes|
Bentham and Utilitarianism
18th C. Britain had a very brutal and unjust legal code. Bentham thought that the people who created laws and punishments needed to be guided by a rational principle, not by personal whims or biases. He proposed that we consider the utility of the laws and punishments for creating the greatest happiness and least pain for the community and its members. The principle of Utilitarianism should be the basis of our ethical, moral, and legal systems.
|2020-Oct-12 • 13 minutes|
An Introduction to Ethics
Episode One: Here is a quick view of the topics that will be covered in this course of lectures. I will touch on three major approaches to ethics: Utilitarianism, Deontologicalism, and Virtue Ethics.
|2020-Sep-25 • 2 minutes|
Welcome to Philosophy
Weelcome of philosophy