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Podcast Profile: Philosophy: Justice and Morality - Audio

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10 episodes
Median: 13 minutes
Collection: Philosophy

Description (podcaster-provided):

Although what constitutes justice may vary depending on culture or historical context, all forms of justice are built on a foundation of moral assumptions that include ideas about ethics, fairness and the law. Philosophers have often debated the nature of both morality and justice and their relationship with each other and in this collection we explore some of the most influential ideas on the topics from Kant to Bentham and investigate problems such as can inequalities be justified, provided they are to the benefit of the worst off?
This material forms part of The Open University course A222 Exploring philosophy.

Themes and summary (AI-generated based on podcaster-provided show and episode descriptions):

➤ Justice • Morality • Ethics • Fairness • Law • Kantian philosophy • Utilitarianism • Distributive justice • Libertarian theories • Talent bias • Taxation vs. labor

This podcast, titled "Philosophy: Justice and Morality - Audio," delves into the intricate interplay between justice and morality, reflecting on various philosophical perspectives. It explores foundational moral assumptions encompassing ethics, fairness, and law. Throughout the episodes, the show offers a comprehensive examination of prominent philosophical viewpoints and debates around justice and morality.

Listeners will encounter discussions about classical philosophers such as Plato, examining whether individuals obey laws out of goodwill or fear of retribution. Moving forward, the podcast contrasts classical and modern utilitarianism, shedding light on their differing principles and applications. Another significant focus is on Kant's views on morality, providing insights into his ethical teachings.

The podcast also engages with contemporary philosophical theories. Rawls' idea of distributive justice is scrutinized, particularly his argument for a society that aims to eliminate biases, including those based on talent. Additionally, it addresses Nozick's libertarian theories of justice, where the controversial notion that taxation is akin to forced labor is explored.

Episodes are accompanied by transcripts, enriching the content and providing detailed accounts of these philosophical debates and theories. Thus, the podcast serves as an extensive resource for anyone interested in understanding the dynamics between justice and morality through the lens of both historical and modern philosophical thought.

Plato on justice and self interest
17 minutes
Transcript -- Plato on justice and self interest

Classical and modern utilitarianism
17 minutes
Transcript -- Classical and modern utilitarianism

Kant's moral philosophy
13 minutes
Transcript -- Kant's moral philosophy

Rawls on distributive justice
8 minutes
Transcript -- Rawls on distributive justice

Nozick on Libertarian theories of justice
7 minutes
Transcript -- Nozick on Libertarian theories of justice