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Podcast Profile: Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

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8 episodes
Median: 42 minutes
Collection: Philosophy

Description (podcaster-provided):

A lecture series examining Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. This series looks at German Philosopher Immanuel Kant's seminal philosophical work 'The Critique of Pure Reason'. The lectures aim to outline and discuss some of the key philosophical issues raised in the book and to offer students and individuals thought provoking Kantian ideas surrounding metaphysics. Each lecture looks at particular questions raised in the work such as how do we know what we know and how do we find out about the world, dissects these questions with reference to Kant's work and discusses the broader philosophical implications. Anyone with an interest in Kant and philosophy will find these lectures thought provoking but accessible.

Themes and summary (AI-generated based on podcaster-provided show and episode descriptions):

➤ Metaphysics • Kantian philosophy • Limits of sense and reason • Observer's role in experience • A priori synthetic judgments • Self-awareness and external world • Transcendental categories • Unity of consciousness • Disciplined reason

This podcast dives deep into the intricate and revolutionary ideas presented in Immanuel Kant's seminal philosophical work, "The Critique of Pure Reason." Across the series, each lecture dissects and examines various foundational questions and themes central to Kant's philosophy. The podcast explores the limitations and interplay between sense and reason, focusing on how these faculties contribute to the development of knowledge, particularly in the realm of science.

Listeners are introduced to the historical and philosophical context of Kant's era, contrasting the rapid advancements in physics with the stagnation in traditional metaphysics. This sets the stage for understanding why Kant sought to redefine metaphysics as a science and his approach to achieving this ambitious project.

A recurring theme throughout the lectures is Kant's "Copernican" revolution in metaphysics, which emphasizes the observer's role in shaping experiences. The podcast elaborates on how Kant's insights challenge empiricism by proposing that knowledge is grounded in a priori conditions, fundamental principles that precede experience. This includes a thorough discussion on the nature of space and time as forms of human intuition rather than inherent properties of the external world.

Another central topic is the possibility of a priori synthetic judgments, which combine empirical data and necessary truths, and their implications for fields such as geometry and other sciences. The podcast also delves into the intricate relationship between self-awareness and the perception of the external world, suggesting that self-consciousness is contingent on recognizing stable elements in our environment.

Listeners will also encounter discussions on Kant's refutation of various forms of idealism and the crucial role of a priori categories in human understanding. The podcast addresses Kant's argument for the synthetic unity of apperception, positing that unified consciousness is essential for all forms of knowledge. Additionally, it covers the disciplined use of reason to avoid overextending into speculative metaphysics, highlighting how conceptual and perceptual powers, when correctly employed, align with the real world to form the basis of scientific knowledge.

Overall, this podcast offers an accessible yet thought-provoking exploration of Kantian metaphysics, epistemology, and the profound philosophical questions his work continues to raise.

Just what is Kant's "project"?
46 minutes
The broader philosophical context
45 minutes
Space, time and the "Analogies of Experiences"
48 minutes
How are a priori synthetic judgements possible?
40 minutes
Idealisms and their refutations
42 minutes
Concepts, judgement and the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories
40 minutes
The "Self" and the Synthetic Unity of Apperception
41 minutes
The discipline of reason: The paralogisms and Antinomies of Pure Reason.
37 minutes