TrueSciPhi logo



Podcast Profile: Critical Reasoning for Beginners

Show Image SiteRSSApple Podcasts
13 episodes
2010 to 2012
Median: 68 minutes
Collection: Philosophy

Description (podcaster-provided):

Are you confident you can reason clearly? Are you able to convince others of your point of view? Are you able to give plausible reasons for believing what you believe? Do you sometimes read arguments in the newspapers, hear them on the television, or in the pub and wish you knew how to confidently evaluate them?
In this six-part course, you will learn all about arguments, how to identify them, how to evaluate them, and how not to mistake bad arguments for good. Such skills are invaluable if you are concerned about the truth of your beliefs, and the cogency of your arguments.

Themes and summary (AI-generated based on podcaster-provided show and episode descriptions):

➤ Recognising arguments • Nature of arguments • Types of arguments • Deductive arguments • Inductive arguments • Setting out arguments logic book-style • Evaluating arguments • Validity • Truth • Fallacies • Further reading

This podcast, titled "Critical Reasoning for Beginners," aims to equip listeners with essential skills for identifying, evaluating, and formulating arguments effectively. Throughout a six-part series, it delves deeply into various facets of critical thinking and argumentation, making it a valuable resource for anyone looking to hone their reasoning abilities.

The podcast begins by introducing listeners to the fundamental nature of arguments, focusing on what constitutes an argument and how to recognize one in everyday discourse. Following this foundational knowledge, it explores different types of arguments, distinguishing particularly between deductive and inductive reasoning. Emphasis is placed on understanding the unique characteristics and applications of each type, thus providing a comprehensive overview of argumentative structures.

A significant portion of the series is dedicated to the practical aspect of setting out arguments in a clear and logical manner, termed as "Logic Book Style." This methodical approach aids in better analysis and evaluation, facilitating a more organized examination of various arguments. Listeners are guided on how to dissect arguments to assess their internal coherence and external relevance.

The podcast also addresses the critical question of what constitutes a good argument, juxtaposing the concepts of validity and truth. By focusing specifically on inductive arguments initially, it lays down criteria for evaluating the strengths and weaknesses inherent in different argumentative forms. This is followed by an in-depth look at the notion of validity in deductive arguments, expanding the listener’s ability to judge argument quality accurately.

In its concluding segments, the podcast turns to common pitfalls in reasoning, particularly logical fallacies that often masquerade as sound arguments. By highlighting these fallacies, it provides listeners with tools to avoid being misled by flawed reasoning.

The series ends with guidance on further exploration in the field of critical reasoning, suggesting additional resources for continued learning. The overall content presents a structured, progressive approach to mastering critical reasoning, with each episode building on the knowledge acquired in the previous ones.

The Nature of Arguments
79 minutes
The Nature of Arguments (Slides)

Different Types of Arguments
70 minutes
Different Types of Arguments (Slides)

Setting out Arguments Logic Book Style
80 minutes
Setting out Arguments Logic Book Style (Slides)

What is a Good Argument? Validity and Truth
52 minutes
What is a Good Argument? Validity and Truth (Slides)

Evaluating Arguments Part One
66 minutes
Evaluating Arguments Part One (Slides)

Evaluating Arguments Part Two
57 minutes
Evaluating Arguments Part Two (Slides)

Further reading and more... (Slides)